In here they do not know how to make money on garbage. Although, judging by the tightness of this topic in the press, the processing of solid domestic waste is almost a separate national project. There are three main ways of recycling household waste: burial, incineration and processing.
The First Version
The most technically simple first version says a lot. The traditional way of disposal of solid domestic waste in here is the burial in landfills, in simple words, dumps. Load of polygons in Russia today is at the level of 70-90%. This is a disaster not only from an environmental point of view, but also from an economic point of view. The premise of this approach is simple: there is a lot of land in the country, why build expensive plants for processing or incineration, it is much easier and cheaper to take garbage to a landfill.
The Proper Recycling
Recycling of garbage is not quite suitable for the domestic mentality method, because you need to sort the garbage even at the stage of its arrival at the landfill. The right options for the proper waste management services are important now.
Since the end of the zero years, separate collection of garbage has been practiced. Experience was recognized as negative. Now there is no legislative base and practice of application of such laws in order to stimulate the population to separate collection of garbage. The European practice is known when for the utilization of mixed garbage the homeowner is billed an order of magnitude greater than for a separate one.
By the way, the “vaccination” of the propensity to separate collection of garbage, without which the profitability of processing becomes negative, passed on the fertile German, Swiss and Scandinavian soil for 20-25 years. And in more temperamental countries (France, Italyand the countries of Eastern Europe) has not taken root completely and still.
According to the current domestic standards, the presence of organic waste in organic waste (food, bio waste, etc.) automatically makes the whole lot of garbage “inseminated biological material”, which entails control during processing, total disinfection, increased levels of protection for workers and so Further.
The Most Appropriate Option
The most appropriate technological and economic direction of processing is the incineration of solid waste. However, around the topic of burning garbage there are so many myths that it is absolutely impossible to understand where reality is, and where fiction is.